Dictionaries


Dictionaries
Abdullah, S., and K. Alam. English-Kurdish, Kurdish-English Dictionary. New Delhi: Star Publications/Languages of the World Publications, 2004/2007. Amindarov, Aziz. Kurdish-English, English-Kurdish Dictionary. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1994. Blau, Joyce. Kurdish-French-English Dictionary/Dictionnaire Kurde-Francais-Anglais. Brussels: Centre pour l'Etude des Problemes du Monde Musulman Contemporain, 1965. (This work was largely that of Kamuran Bedir Khan, whose student was Joyce Blau.) . Le Kurde de Amadiya et de Djabal Sindjar: Analyse Linguistique, Textes, Folkloriques, Glossaires. Paris: Klincksieck, 1975. Celebi, Ferdidon, and Danko Sipka. Kurmanji Kurdish-English Glossary. Springfield, Va.: Dunwoody Press, 2002. Chyet, Michael L. Kurdish-English Dictionary/Ferhenga Kurmanci-Inglizi. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2003. Ferheng, Destey. Raman: English-Kurdish Dictionary. London: Pen Press, 2003. Gewrani, Ali Seydo al-. Ferhenga Kurdi Nujen: KurdiErebi/al-Qamus al-Kurdi al-Hadith: Kurdi-Arabi [The modern Kurdish dictionary; Kurdish-Arabic]. Amman: Sharikat al-Sharq al-Awsat lil-Tiba'a, 1985. Gharib, Kamal Jalal. Al-Qamus al-ilmi: Arabi, Inklizi, Kurdi. Vol. 2. [A science dictionary: Arabic-English-Kurdish]. Baghdad: al-Majma al-Ilmi al-Kurdi, 1979. Hakim, Halkawt, and Gerard Gautier. Dictionnaire Francais-Kurde. Paris: Klincksieck, 1993. Jaba, Alexandre Auguste. Dictionnaire Kurde-Francais. Osnabruck: Biblio-Verlag, 1975. (Reprint of the 1879 edition published by the Commissionaire de l'Academie imperiale des sciences, Saint Petersburg). Kahn, Margaret. Kurdish-English, English-Kurmanji Lexicon. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1974. (Typescripted but unpublished.) Karadaghi, Rashid. The Azadi:English-Kurdish Dictionary. Tehran, Iran: Ehsan Publishing, 2006. McCarus, Ernest Nasseph. A Kurdish-English Dictionary: Dialect of Sulaima-nia, Iraq. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1967. Omar, Feryad Fazil. Kurdisch-Deutsches Worterbuch (Kurmanci) Ferhenga Kurdi-Elmani. Berlin: Kurdische Studien Berlin im VWB-Verlag fur Wis-senschaft und Bildung, 1992. Qazzaz, Shafiq. The Sharezoor: Kurdish-English Dictionary. Erbil, Kurdistan: Aras Press and Publishers, 2000. Rizgar, Baran. Kurdish-English English-Kurdish Dictionary. London: M. F. Onen, 1993. Saadalla, Salah. Saladin's English-Kurdish Dictionary/Qamusa Selahedin Ingilizi Kurdi. [Baghdad: Dar al-Hurriyah], 1998; 2nd ed., Istanbul: Avesta; Paris: Institut Kurde de Paris, 2000. Wahby, Taufiq, and Cecil John Edmonds. A Kurdish-English Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966. Travel Bird, Christiane. A Thousand Sighs, A Thousand Revolts: Journeys in Kurdistan. New York: Ballantine, 2004. Bird, Isabella L. Journeys in Persia and Kurdistan. 2 vols. London: John Murray, 1891. Bruinessen, Martin van, and H. E. Boeschoten, eds. Evliya Celebi in Diyar-bekir: The Relevant Section of the Seyahatname. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1988. Bruni, Mary Ann Smothers. Journey through Kurdistan. Austin: Texas Memorial Museum, 1995. Clarry, Stafford. "Roaming Kurdistan: Mountain Adventures." In The Kurdistan Region: Invest in the Future, ed. Brendan O'Leary, 92-95. Washington, D.C.: Newsdesk Inc., 2007. Dankoff, Robert, ed. Evliya Celebi in Bitlis: The Relevant Section of the Seya-hatname. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1990. Dickson, Bertram. "Journeys in Kurdistan." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 15 (Nos. 1 & 2, 2001): 109-29. (Originally published in The Geographical Journal 35 [April 1910]). Douglas, William O. Strange Lands and Friendly People. New York: Harper, 1951. Eriksson, Ann. Kurdistan. Stockholm: Sigma Reportage, Havregatan, 2001. Hamilton, Archibald Milne. Road through Kurdistan: The Narrative of an Engineer in Iraq. London: Faber & Faber, 1937. Hay, William Robert. Two Years in Kurdistan: Experiences of a Political Officer, 1918-1920. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1921. Hitchens, Christopher. "Struggle of the Kurds." National Geographic 182 (August 1992): 32-61. . "Holiday in Iraq." Vanity Fair (April 2007): 130-35. Kahn, Margaret. Children of the Jinn: In Search of the Kurds and Their Country. New York: Seaview, 1980. Kashi, Ed. When the Borders Bleed: The Struggle of the Kurds. New York: Pantheon Books, 1994. Kisraiyan Nasr Allah. Kurdistan: Photos. Ostersund, Sweden: Oriental Art Publications, 1990. Kurdistan Region Government, State Organization for Tourism/Sulaimany. A Perspective of Kurdistan. Sulaymaniya: Kurdistan Region Government, State Organization for Tourism/Sulaimany, 2006. Muller, Mark, and Kerim Yildiz. Kurds through the Photographer's Lens. Great Britain: Trolley Ltd., 2008. Noel, Edward William Charles. Diary of Major Noel on Special Duty in Kurdistan. Baghdad: n.p., 1920. Perkins, Justin. "Journal of a Tour from Oroomiah to Mosul through the Koord-ish Mountains." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 15 (Nos. 1 & 2, 2001): 59-86. (Originally published in Journal of the American Oriental Society 2 [1851]). Shiel, J. "Notes on a Journey from Tabriz through Kurdistan via Van, Bitlis, Se'rt and Erbil, to Suleimaniyah in July and August, 1836." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 15 (2001): 1-40. Soane, Ely Bannister. To Mesopotamia and Kurdistan in Disguise: Narrative of a Journey from Constantinople through Kurdistan to Baghdad, 1907-1909, with Historical and Ethnographical Notices of the Various Kurdish Tribes and of the Chaldaeans of Kurdistan and an Index. London: John Murray, 1912. Sykes, Mark. The Caliph's Last Heritage: A Short History of the Turkish Empire. London: Macmillan, 1915. Thornhill, Teresa. Sweet Tea with Cardamom: A Journey through Iraqi Kurdistan. London: Pandora, 1997. HISTORY Early Blaum, Paul. "A History of the Kurdish Marwanid Dynasty: Part I & II." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 5 (Spring-Fall 1992): 54-68; 6 (Fall 1993): 40-65. Diakonoff, I. M. "Media." The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 2: The Median and Achaemenian Periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985: 36-148. Izady, Mehrdad R. Roots and Evolution of Some Aspects of Kurdish Cultural Identity in Late Classical and Early Medieval Periods. Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1992. . "Archaeology of Kurdish Clan Names, Part II." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 7 (1994): 83-109. Khachatrian, A. "The Kurdish Principality of Hakkariya (14th-15th Centuries)." Iran and the Caucasus 7 (2003): 37-58. Kilic, M. F. "Between Empires: The Movement of Sheikh Ubeydullah." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 20 (2006): 57-121. Marchinkowski, M. I. "The 'Ethnic Origin' of Iran's Safawid Dynasty (9071145/1501-1722): Reflections on Selected Prevailing Views and Requirements for Further Research." Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society 49 (2001): 5-19. Medvedskaya, Inna N. "The Rise and Fall of the Medes." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 16 (2002): 29-44. Minorsky, Vladimir F. "Kurds, Kurdistan: Origins and Pre-Islamic History; and The Islamic Period up to 1920." The Encyclopedia of Islam. New edition. Vol. 5, 447-64. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1981. O'Shea, Maria. "Tying Down the Territory: Conceptions and Misconceptions." In The Kurds: Nationalism and Politics, eds. Faleh A. Jabar and Hosham Dawod, 113-29. London: SAQI, 2006. Reid, James J. "Hakkari Clan and Society: Kurdistan, 1502-1656." Journal of Kurdish Studies 2 (1996-1997): 13-30. Saeedpour, Vera Beaudin. "The Legacy of Saladin." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 13 (1999): 43-61. . "A Tangled Web They Weave: The Mystery of Kurdish Roots." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 16 (2002): 1-27. Solecki, Ralph S. Shanidar: The First Flower People. New York: Knopf, 1971. Woods, John E. The Aqquyunlu: Clan, Confederation, Empire. Revised and expanded edition. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1999. Xenophon. The Persian Expedition. Edited by E. V. Rieu. Translated by Rex Warner. Middlesex, UK: Penguin Books, 1949. Zaki, Muhammad Amin. "A Brief History of Kurds and Kurdistan, Part I: From the Advent of Islam to AD 1750." Translated by Nemat Sharif. International Journal of Kurdish Studies 10 (1996): 105-155. (The present article consists of three chapters of a work originally written in Kurdish in 1931 as A Brief History of Kurds and Kurdistan, from Antiquity to the Present.) Modern General Ahmad, Kamal Madhar. Kurdistan during the First World War. Translated from Kurdish by Muhammad Mulla Karim. Baghdad: Kurdish Academy Press, 1977. Arfa, Hassan. The Kurds: A Historical and Political Study. London: Oxford University Press, 1966. Besikci, Ismail. International Colony Kurdistan. Reading, UK: Taderon Press, 2004. Blau, Joyce. Le probleme Kurde: Essai sociologique et historique. Brussels: Centre pour l'etude des problemes du monde musulman contemporain, 1963. Bois, Thomas. The Kurds. Translated from the French by M. W. M. Welland. Beirut: Khayats, 1966. . "The Kurds and Their Country: Kurdistan." The Encyclopedia of Islam. New edition. Vol 5, 439-47. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1981. Bozarslan, Hamit. "Tribal Asabiyya and Kurdish Politics: A Socio-Historical Perspective." In The Kurds: Nationalism and Politics, eds. Faleh A. Jabar and Hosham Dawod, 130-17. London: SAQI, 2006. Bruinessen, Martin van. Agha, Shaikh and State: The Social and Political Structure of Kurdistan. London: Zed Books, 1992. . "Kurdish Society, Ethnicity, Nationalism and Refugee Problems." In The Kurds, eds. Philip G. Kreyenbroek and Stefan Sperl, 33-67. London: Routledge, 1992. , ed. Kurdish Ethno-Nationalism versus Nation-Building States: Collected Articles. Istanbul: Isis Press, 2000. . "Kurdish Paths to Nation." In The Kurds: Nationalism and Politics, eds. Faleh A. Jabar and Hosham Dawod, 21-48. London: SAQI, 2006. Bulloch, John, and Harvey Morris. No Friends but the Mountains: The Tragic History of the Kurds. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. Chaliand, Gerard. The Kurdish Tragedy. Translated from the French by Philip Black. London: Zed Books, 1994. , ed. A People without a Country: The Kurds and Kurdistan. New York: Olive Branch Press, 1993. Charountaki, Marianna. "The Kurds and the US Foreign Policy in the Middle East since 1945." Ph.D. diss., (UK), 2009. Cruickshank, A. A. "International Aspects of the Kurdish Question." International Relations 3 (October 1968): 411-30. Destani, B[ejtullah], ed. Minorities in the Middle East: Kurdish Community. 4 vols. Chippenham, UK: Archive Editions, 2006. Dunn, Michael Collins. "The Kurdish 'Question': Is There an Answer? A Historical Overview." Middle East Policy 4 (September 1995): 72-87. Edmonds, Cecil John. "Kurdish Nationalism." Journal of Contemporary History 6 (1971): 87-107. Elphinston, W. G. "The Kurdish Question." International Affairs 72 (January 1946): 91-103. Emadi, Hafizullah. "Conflicts in the Middle East: The Kurdish National Question." Contemporary Review 261 (August 1992): 62-71. Eppel, Michael. "The Demise of the Kurdish Emirates: The Impact of Ottoman Reforms and International Relations on Kurdistan during the First Half of the Nineteenth Century." Middle Eastern Studies 44 (March 2008): 237-58. Ghassemlou, Abdul Rahman. Kurdistan and the Kurds. Prague: Publishing House of the Czechoslovak Academy of Science, 1965. Gunter, Michael M. "The Modern Origins of Kurdish Nationalism." In The Evolution of Kurdish Nationalism, eds. Mohammed M. A. Ahmed and Michael M. Gunter, 1-17. Costa Mesa, Calif.: Mazda Publishers, 2007. . "Re-Evaluating the Kurdish Question." In Identity Conflicts: Can Violence Be Regulated? ed. J. Craig Jenkins and Esther E. Gottlieb, 113-30. New Brunswick and London: Transaction Publishers, 2007. Hakim, Halkawt, ed. Les Kurdes par-dela l'exode. Paris: L'Harmattan, 1992. Harris, George S. "Ethnic Conflict and the Kurds." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences No. 433 (September 1977): 112-24. Hazen, William E. "Minorities in Revolt: The Kurds of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey." In The Political Role of Minority Groups in the Middle East, ed. Ronald D. McLaurin, 49-75. New York: Praeger Special Studies, 1979. Heazell, F. N., ed. Kurds and Christians. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, reprinted from 1913 book by Robert Payne Smith, 2004. Honigman, Gerald A. "British Petroleum Politics, Arab Nationalism and the Kurds." Middle East Review 15 (Fall-Winter 1982/1983): 33-39. Houston, Christopher. "An Anti-History of a Non-People: Kurds, Colonialism, and Nationalism in the History of Anthropology." Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 15 (2009): 19-35. Hyman, Anthony. "Elusive Kurdistan: The Struggle for Recognition." Conflict Studies No. 214 (September 1988). Izady, Mehrdad. The Kurds: A Concise Handbook. Washington, D.C.: Crane Russak, 1992. Jwaideh, Wadie. The Kurdish National Movement: Its Origins and Development. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 2006. Kaplan, Robert. "Kurdistan: Sons of Devils." Atlantic 265 (November 1987): 38-44. Kinnane, Derk. The Kurds and Kurdistan. London: Oxford University Press, 1964. Kreyenbroek, Philip G., and Stefan Sperl, eds. The Kurds: A Contemporary Overview. London: Routledge, 1992. Laizer, Sheri J. Into Kurdistan: Frontiers under Fire. London: Zed Books, 1991. . Martyrs, Traitors, and Patriots: Kurdistan after the Gulf War. London: Zed Books, 1996. LoBaido, Anthony C., Yumi Ng, and Paul A. Rozario. The Kurds of Asia. Minneapolis, Minn.: Lerner Publications, 2003. Mamikonian, S. "Israel and the Kurds (1949-1990)." Iran and the Caucasus: Research Papers from the Caucasian Centre for Iranian Studies, Yerevan 9 (2005): 381-99. McDowall, David. The Kurds: A Nation Denied. London: Minority Rights Publications, 1992. . "The Kurdish Question: A Historical Review." In The Kurds: A Contemporary Review, ed. Philip G. Kreyenbroek and Stefan Sperl, 10-32. London: Routledge, 1992. . "Addressing the Kurdish Issue." In Powder Keg in the Middle East: The Struggle for Gulf Security, eds. Geoffrey Kemp and Janice Gross Stein, 211-36. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1995. . The Kurds. 7th ed. London: Minority Rights Group International, 1996. . A Modern History of the Kurds. London: I. B. Tauris, 1996; 3rd updated and revised edition, 2004. Meiselas, Susan. Kurdistan: In the Shadow of History. New York: Random House, 1997; 2nd edition, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008. More, Christiane. Les Kurdes aujourd'hui: mouvement national et partis poli-tiques. Paris: L'Harmattan, 1984. Nash, Theodore Richard. "The Effect of International Oil Interests upon the Fate of an Autonomous Kurdish Territory: A Perspective on the Conference at Sevres, August 10, 1920." International Problems 15 (Spring 1976): 119-33. Nikitine, Basile. Les Kurdes: Etude sociologique et historique. Paris: Klincksieck, 1956. O'Ballance, Edgar. The Kurdish Struggle, 1920-1994. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996. O'Leary, Brendan, and Khaled Salih. "The Denial, Resurrection, and Affirmation of Kurdistan." In The Future of Kurdistan in Iraq, eds. Brendan O'Leary, John McGary, and Khaled Salih, 3-43. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005. Pelletiere, Stephen C. The Kurds: An Unstable Element in the Gulf. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1984. Picard, Elizabeth, ed. La Question Kurde. Brussels: Editions Complexe, 1991. Pistor-Hatam, Anja. "Sheikh Ubaidullah's Revolt and the Kurdish Invasion of Iran: Attempts at a New Assessment." Journal of Kurdish Studies 4 (2001): 19-30. Randal, Jonathan C. After Such Knowledge, What Forgiveness? My Encounters with Kurdistan. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1997. Safrastian, Arshak. The Kurds and Kurdistan. London: Harvill Press, 1948. Sim, Richard. "Kurdistan: The Search for Recognition." Conflict Studies No. 124 (November 1980). Sluglett, Peter, and Marion Farouk-Sluglett. "The Kurds." In The Times Guide to the Middle East: The Arab World and Its Neighbours, eds. Peter Sluglett and Marion Farouk-Sluglett, 51-67. London: Times Books, 1991. Stansfield, Gareth, and Robert Lowe, eds. The Kurdish Policy Imperative. London: Chatham House, 2010. Strohmeier, Martin. Crucial Images in the Presentation of a Kurdish National Identity: Heroes and Patriots, Traitors and Foes. Leiden: Brill, 2003. Tahiri, Hussein. The Structure of Kurdish Society and the Struggle for a Kurdish State. Costa Mesa, Calif.: Mazda Publishers, 2007. Vali, Abbas, ed. Essays on the Origins of Kurdish Nationalism. Costa Mesa, Calif.: Mazda Publishers, 2003. Waheed, A. The Kurds and Their Country: A History of the Kurdish People from Earliest Times to the Present, 2d ed. Lahore, Pakistan: University Book Agency, 1958. Wimmer, Andreas. "Globalization Avant la Lettre: A Comparative View of Isomorphization and Heteromorphization in an Inter-Connecting World." Comparative Studies in Society and History 43 (2001): 435-66. Yassin, Borhanedin A. Vision or Reality? The Kurds in the Policy of the Great Powers, 1941-1947. Lund, Sweden: Lund University Press, 1995. Zaza, Noureddine. Ma vie de Kurde, ou, le cri du peuple kurde. Lausanne, Switzerland: P. M. Favre, 1982. Iran Ahmadzadeh, Hashem, and Gareth Stansfield. "The Political, Cultural, and Military Re-Awakening of the Kurdish Nationalist Movement in Iran." Middle East Journal 64 (Winter 2010): 11-27. Aristova, T. F. "The Kurds in Persia." Central Asian Review 7 (1959): 175-201. Bayat, Kaveh. "Iran and the 'Kurdish Question.'" Middle East Report 38 (Summer 2008): 28-35. Bruinessen, Martin van. "Kurdish Tribes and the State of Iran: The Case of Simko's Revolt." In The Conflict of Tribe and State in Iran and Afghanistan, ed. Richard Tapper, 364-400. London: St. Martin's Press, 1983. Coyle, James John. Nationalism in Iranian Kurdistan. Ph.D. diss., George Washington University, 1993. Eagleton, William. The Kurdish Republic of 1946. London: Oxford University Press, 1963. Entessar, Nader. "Causal Factors in Kurdish Ethnonationalism." International Review of History and Political Science 22 (May 1985): 57-80. Garthwaite, Gene R. Khans and Shahs: A Documentary Analysis of the Bakhti-yari in Iran. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Ghassemlou, Abdul Rahman. "Kurdistan in Iran." In A People without a Country: The Kurds and Kurdistan, ed. Gerard Chaliand, 95-121. New York: Olive Branch Press, 1993. Izady, Mehrdad, ed. The Republic of Kurdistan: Fifty Years Later. Published as a special issue of International Journal of Kurdish Studies 11 (1997). Koohi-Kamali, Fereshteh. "The Development of Nationalism in Iranian Kurdistan." In The Kurds: A Contemporary Overview, eds. Philip G. Kreyenbroek and Stefan Sperl, 171-92. London: Routledge, 1992. MacDonald, Charles G. "The Kurdish Challenge and Revolutionary Iran." Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 13 (Fall-Winter 1989): 52-68. Prunhuber, Carol. The Passion and Death of Rahman the Kurd. New York: Universe Incorporated, 2010. Ramazani, Rouhollah K. "The Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan and the Kurdish People's Republic: Their Rise and Fall." In The Anatomy of Communist Takeovers, ed. Thomas T. Hammond, 448-74. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1975. Roosevelt, Archie, Jr. "The Kurdish Republic of Mahabad." Middle East Journal 1 (July 1947): 247-69. Vali, Abbas. "The Making of Kurdish Identity in Iran." Middle East Critique 4 (Fall 1995): 1-22. Yalsin-Heckmann, Lale. "Kurdish Nomads of Western Azerbaijan." In The Nomadic Peoples of Iran, eds. Richard Tapper and Jon Thompson, 144-59. London: Azimuth, 2002. Iraq Adamson, David. C. The Kurdish War. New York: Praeger, 1964. Ali, Othman. British Policy and the Kurdish Question in Iraq, 1918-1932. Ph.D. diss., University of Toronto, 1993. . "The Kurdish Factor in the Struggle for Vilayet Mosul, 1921-1925." Journal of Kurdish Studies 4 (2001-2002): 31-48. Andrews, F. David, ed. The Lost Peoples of the Middle East: Documents of the Struggle for Survival and Independence of the Kurds, Assyrians, and Other Minority Races in the Middle East. Salisbury, N.C.: Documentary Publications, 1982. Atarodi, Habibollah. Great Powers, Oil and the Kurds in Mosul: Southern Kurdistan/Northern Iraq, 1910-1925. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2003. Attar, Kerim Abdul-Razzak. The Minorities of Iraq during the Period of the Mandate, 1920-1932. Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1967. Barzani, Massoud, and Ahmed Ferhadi. Mustafa Barzani and the Kurdish Liberation Movement (1931-1961). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002. Beck, Peter J. "A Tedious and Perilous Controversy: Britain and the Settlement of the Mosul Dispute, 1918-1926." Middle Eastern Studies 17 (April 1981): 256-76. Bengio, Ofra. "The Iraqi Kurds: The Struggle for Autonomy in the Shadow of the Iran-Iraqi Conflict." Immigrants and Minorities (Great Britain) 9 (November 1990): 249-68. . "Autonomy in Kurdistan in Historical Perspective." In The Future of Kurdistan in Iraq, eds. Brendan O'Leary, John McGary, and Khaled Salih, 173-85. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005. Bruinessen, Martin van. "The Kurds between Iran and Iraq." MERIP/Middle East Report 16 (July-August 1986): 14-27. Dann, Uriel. "The Kurdish National Movement in Iraq." Jerusalem Quarterly 9 (Fall 1978): 131-44. Eagleton, William. "Iraqi Kurdistan: A Little Known Region." World Today 12 (October 1956): 417-32. Edmonds, Cecil John. Kurds, Turks and Arabs: Politics Travel and Research in North-Eastern Iraq, 1919-1925. London: Oxford University Press, 1957. . "The Kurds of Iraq." Middle East Journal 11 (Winter 1957): 52-62. . "The Kurds and the Revolution in Iraq." Middle East Journal 13 (Winter 1959): 1-10. . "The Kurdish National Struggle in Iraq." Asian Affairs 58 (June 1971): 147-58. Emanuelsson, Ann-Catrin. "Chasing the Rainbow: Historical and Economic Constraints Affecting Kurdish National Aspirations in Iraq." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 8 (1995): 110-25. Eskander, Saad B. "Southern Kurdistan under Britain's Mesopotamian Mandate: From Separation to Incorporation, 1920-23." Middle Eastern Studies 37 (2001): 153-80. Field, Michael, and James Kinsman. "Iraq and the Kurds." World Survey No. 22 (1970): 1-20. Fieldhouse, D. K. Kurds, Arabs and Britons: The Memoir of Wallace Lyon in Iraq, 1918-44. London: I. B. Tauris, 2002. Gorgas, Jordi T. "Urban Mobilization in Iraqi Kurdistan during the British Mandate: Sulaimaniya 1918-30." Middle Eastern Studies 44 (July 2008): 537-52. Gunter, Michael. "Mulla Mustafa and the Kurdish Rebellion in Iraq: The Intelligence Factor." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 7 (Winter 1994): 465-74. . "The Kurdish Minority Identity in Iraq." In Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies, ed. Maya Shatzmiller, 261-82. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005. Hiltermann, Joost R. A Poisonous Affair: America, Iraq, and the Gassing of Halabja. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Husry, Khaldun S. "The Assyrian Affair of 1933 (I) and (II)." International Journal of Middle East Studies 5, no. 2 (1974): 161-76; and no. 3 (1974): 344-60. Izady, Mehrdad R. "Kurds and the Formation of the State of Iraq, 1917-1932." In The Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921, eds. Reeva Spector Simon and Eleanor H. Tejirian, 95-109. New York: Columbia University, 2004. Jawad, Sa'ad. Iraq and the Kurdish Question, 1958-1970. London: Ithaca Press, 1981. . "Recent Developments in the Kurdish Issue." In Iraq: The Contemporary State, ed. Tim Niblock, 47-61. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1982. Kanaani, Nauman M. al-. Limelight on the North of Iraq. Baghdad: Dar al-Jumhuriya, 1965. Karadaghi, Kamran. "The Two Gulf Wars: The Kurds on the World Stage, 1979-1992." In A People without a Country: The Kurds and Kurdistan, ed. Gerard Chaliand, 214-30. New York: Olive Branch Press, 1993. Korn, David A. "The Last Years of Mustafa Barzani." Middle East Quarterly 1 (March 1994): 12-27. MacDonald, Charles G. "The Impact of the Gulf War on the Iraqi and Iranian Kurds." Middle East Contemporary Survey 7 (1982-1983): 261-72. Malek, Mohammed H. "Kurdistan in the Middle East Conflict." New Left Review No. 175 (May-June 1989): 79-94. Naamani, Israel. "The Kurdish Drive for Self-determination." Middle East Journal 20 (Summer 1966): 279-95. National Foreign Assessment Center (U.S. Central Intelligence Agency). The Kurdish Problem in Perspective. August 1979. Nehme, Michel G., and Lokman I. Meho. "Pawns in a Deadly Game: Iraqi Kurds and the United States, 1972-1975." International Studies 32 (January-March 1995): 41-55. O'Ballance, Edgar. The Kurdish Revolt, 1961-70. London: Faber & Faber, 1973. Olson, Robert. "The Churchill-Cox Correspondence Regarding the Creation of the State of Iraq: Consequences for British Policy towards the Nationalist Turkish Government, 1921-1923." International Journal of Turkish Studies 5 (Winter 1990-1991): 121-36. Qadir, Kamal Said. "The Barzani Chameleon." Middle East Quarterly 14 (Spring 2007): 87-88. Rich, Paul J., ed. Iraq and Rupert Hay's Two Years in Kurdistan. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008. Romano, David. "An Outline of Kurdish Islamist Groups in Iraq." Washington, D.C.: The Jamestown Foundation, September 2007. Rubin, Avshalom H. "Abd al-Karim Qasim and the Kurds of Iraq: Centralization, Resistance and Revolt, 1958-63." Middle Eastern Studies 43 (May 2007): 353-82. Saleem, Hineer. My Father's Rifle: A Childhood in Kurdistan. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005. Sasson, J. P. Love in a Torn Land: Joanna of Kurdistan: The True Story of a Freedom Fighter's Escape from Iraqi Vengeance. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley and Sons, 2007. Schmidt, Dana Adams. Journey among Brave Men. Boston: Little, Brown, 1964. . "Recent Developments in the Kurdish War." Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society 53 (February 1966): 23-31. . "The Kurdish Insurgency." Strategic Review 2 (Summer 1974): 51-58. Schuurman, S. J. "An 'Inconvenient Atrocity': The Chemical Weapons Attack on the Kurds of Halabja, Iraq." Ph.D. diss., University of New Mexico, 2007. Sherzad, A. "The Kurdish Movement in Iraq; 1975-88." In The Kurds: A Contemporary Overview, eds. Philip G. Kreyenbroek and Stefan Sperl, 134-42. London: Routledge, 1992. Sluglett, Peter. "The Kurds." In Saddam's Iraq: Revolution or Reaction? 2nd ed. London: Zed Books, 1989: 177-202. Spencer, William. The Mosul Question in International Relations. Ph.D. diss., American University, Washington, D.C., 1965. Stansfield, Gareth, and Shorsh Haji Resool. "The Tortured Resurgence of Kurdish Nationalism in Iraq, 1975-1991." In The Evolution of Kurdish Nationalism, eds. Mohammed M. A. Ahmed and Michael M. Gunter, 98-122. Costa Mesa, Calif.: Mazda Publishers, 2007. Tejel Gorgas, Jordi. "Urban Mobilization in Iraqi Kurdistan during the British Mandate: Sulaimaniya 1918-30." Middle Eastern Studies 44 (July 2008): 537-52. Thawra, ath- (Central Organ of the Baath Party). Settlement of the Kurdish Problem in Iraq: Discussion and Documents on the Peaceful and Democratic Settlement of the Problem. Baghdad: Ath-Thawra Publications, 1974. U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Chemical Weapons Use in Kurdistan: Iraq's Final Offensive. A staff report by Peter W. Gal-braith and Christopher Van Hollen, Jr., 100th Cong., 2nd sess., 21 Sept. 1988. . Civil War in Iraq. By Peter W. Galbraith, 102nd Cong., 1st sess., May 1991. . Kurdistan in the Time of Saddam Hussein. 102nd Cong., 1st sess., Nov. 1991. Vanly, Ismet Cheriff. Le Kurdistan irakien: Entite nationale. Etude de la Revolution de 1961. Neuchatel: Editions de la Baconniere, 1970. . "Kurdistan in Iraq." In People without a Country: The Kurds and Kurdistan, ed. Gerard Chaliand, 153-210. London: Zed Press, 1980. Viotti Paul R. "Iraq: The Kurdish Rebellion." In Insurgency in the Modern World, eds. Bard E. O'Neill, William R. Heaton, and Donald J. Alberts, 191-201. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1980. Yapp, Malcolm. "The Mice Will Play: Kurds, Turks and the Gulf War." In The Gulf War: Regional and International Dimensions, eds. Hanns Maull and Otto Pick, 103-18. London: Pinter Publishers, 1989. Lebanon Meho, Lokman I. "The Kurds in Lebanon: A Social and Historical Overview." International Journal of Kurdish Studies 16 (2002): 59-82. Syria Fuccaro, Nelida. "Kurds and Kurdish Nationalism in Mandatory Syria: Politics, Culture and Identity." 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Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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